21 to 35°C
3700 hours
sunshine per day
7 mm
360 days
5 days
0 days

Climate of Egypt

Egypt's climate is characterized by hot and dry conditions, with little precipitation. This is due to the country's location in the desert region of North Africa, where extremely high temperatures prevail in the summer. In Egypt, the average temperature ranges from about 24 degrees Celsius in winter to over 38 degrees Celsius in summer.

Climate averages for the whole year

  • Day: the average daily temperature during the day is between 21°C and 35°C
  • Night:the average nighttime temperature is between 16°C and 29°C
  • Sea temperature: the sea temperature is between 24°C and 30°C
  • Rain: it rains 5 days and there is a total of approximately 7 mm rainfall
  • Sun hours: throughout the year there are 3700 sun hours
Maximum temperature: between 21°C and 35°C
Warmest month: 35°C in August
Coldest month: 21°C in January
Night temperature: between 16°C and 29°C
Sea temperature: between 24°C and 30°C
Dry days: 360 days
Days with rain: 5 days
Days with snow: 0 days
Total rain sum: 7 mm
Hours of sunshine: 3700 hours

Egypt in spring

In Egypt, spring is typically warm, with temperatures rising gradually as the season progresses. The average temperature in March is about 24 degrees Celsius, while the average temperature in May is about 29 degrees Celsius. Little rain falls in spring, averaging only a few centimeters per year.

Egypt in summer

Summer in Egypt is hot and dry, with temperatures regularly exceeding 38 degrees Celsius. The heat can be oppressive, especially in cities where concrete buildings and pavement trap the heat. There is almost no rainfall in summer, with an annual average of less than an inch.

Egypt in autumn

Autumn in Egypt is similar to spring in that temperatures gradually decrease as the season progresses. The average temperature in September is around 29 degrees Celsius, while the average temperature in November is around 24 degrees Celsius. Rainfall is still uncommon during the autumn season, averaging only a few inches per year.

Egypt in winter

Winter is the coolest season in Egypt, with temperatures averaging about 24 degrees Celsius. Nights, on the other hand, can be quite chilly, with temperatures dropping to around 10 degrees Celsius in some areas. Rainfall is more frequent during the winter months, with an annual average of a few inches.

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Temperature graph

This graph shows the average maximum temperature (red) and minimum temperature (blue) for Egypt.

Precipitation graph

This graph shows the average amount of rainfall per month for Egypt.

Climate table of Egypt

In this climate table you can see at a glance what the average weather per month is for Egypt. The data has been collected over a 30-year period, from which an average per month has been derived. From year to year the differences may be larger or smaller, but with this climate table you have a good idea of what the weather for Egypt might be like in a given month.

Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Day temp. (°C) 21 23 25 28 31 33 34 35 33 30 26 23
Night temp. (°C) 16 17 19 21 24 27 28 29 27 24 21 18
Water temp. (°C) 25 24 24 24 26 28 30 30 29 29 28 26
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Precipitation (mm) 1 0 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 1 1 1
Days with rain 1 - - 1 1 - - - - 1 1 -
Dry days 30 28 31 29 30 30 31 31 30 30 29 31
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Sun hours per day 7 7 9 12 12 13 12 12 10 10 9 7
Wind force (Bft) 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3
UV-index 5 6 6 7 7 8 8 8 7 6 6 5

Best time to visit Egypt

The best time of year to visit Egypt depends on your plans. Traveling to Egypt between October and April is ideal if you want to see the pyramids and other ancient sights. Extremely low humidity and temperatures up to 20 degrees Celsius characterize these months. The tourist high season runs from May to September, so if you come outside that period, you can avoid the crowds.

The months of May through September are ideal for beachgoers and water sports enthusiasts. Temperatures during these months average between 25 and 35 degrees Celsius, and humidity is high. Keep in mind, however, that the Red Sea can get quite crowded during this period, so you might consider going to one of the less popular beaches.

In general, October through April are the best time to visit Egypt. There is no better time to visit than these months, when the weather is pleasant and there are fewer people. Festivals and cultural events, such as the Luxor Temple Sound and Light Show and the Cairo International Film Festival, are also at their peak during this time.

Climate of Egypt by month

What is the average climate in a given month for Egypt? Click on a month to see all monthly averages for sunshine, maximum and minimum temperatures, percent chance of rain per day, snowfall and number of rainy days.

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